Laravel 10 Create Unique Slug Tutorial Example


Laravel 10 create or generate unique slug. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create unique slug or seo friendly slug URL before save to database in Laravel 10 app using cviebrock/eloquent-sluggable Laravel 10.

Sometimes, you create a blog post project in Laravel 10 app. At that time, need to create or generate unique slug for each blog post in Laravel 10 app. So, this tutorial will guide you step by step on generating or creating a unique slug for each post in your Laravel 10 blog post project.

Create Unique Slug in Laravel 10 using cviebrock/eloquent-sluggable

  • Step 1 – Install Laravel 10 App
  • Step 2 – Connecting App to Database
  • Step 3 – Install Eloquent Sluggable Package
  • Step 4 – Build Model and Migration
  • Step 5 – Add Routes
  • Step 6 – Create Controller using Artisan Command
  • Step 7 – Create the blade view
  • Step 8 – Start Development Server

Step 1 – Install Laravel 10 App

First of all, start your terminal to download or install Laravel 10 new setup. Run the following commands in it to install the new Laravel 10 app on your system:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel Blog

Step 2 – Connecting App to Database

In this step, Visit Laravel 10 app project root directory and open .env file. Then add database credentials in the .env file:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1 
DB_PORT=3306 
DB_DATABASE=here your database name here
DB_USERNAME=here database username here
DB_PASSWORD=here database password here

Step 3 – Install Eloquent Sluggable Package

In this step, execute the following command on terminal install the eloquent sluggable package for generating unique slug:

composer require cviebrock/eloquent-sluggable

After successfully install eloquent sluggable package, type the below given command in command prompt:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Cviebrock\EloquentSluggable\ServiceProvider"

Step 4 – Build Model and Migration

In this step, execute the following command on terminal to create model and migration file:

php artisan make:model Post -m

It command will create one model name Post and also create one migration file for the post table. After successfully run the command go to database/migrations file and put the below here :

<?php 
  
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema; 
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint; 
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration; 
   
class CreatePostsTable extends Migration 
{ 
    /** 
     * Run the migrations. 
     * 
     * @return void 
     */ 
    public function up() 
    { 
        Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) { 
            $table->increments('id'); 
            $table->string('title'); 
            $table->string('slug'); 
            $table->text('description'); 
            $table->timestamps(); 
        }); 
    } 
   
    /** 
     * Reverse the migrations. 
     * 
     * @return void 
     */ 
    public function down() 
    { 
        Schema::dropIfExists('posts'); 
    } 
} 

Next, migrate the table using the below command:

php artisan migrate

Now, add the fillable property in Post.php file, which is placed inside app/models directory:

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Post extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

     protected $fillable = [
     'title',
     'slug',
     'description',
    ];
    public function sluggable()
    {
        return [
            'slug' => [
                'source' => 'title'
            ]
        ];
    }
}

Step 5 – Add Routes

In this step, visit the routes directory and open web.php. Then add the following routes to web.php file:

<?php 

 Route::get('/', function () {
     return view('welcome');
 });
 
Route::resource('posts', 'PostController'); 

Step 6 – Create Controller using Artisan Command

In this step, execute the following command on terminal to create the PostController.php file:

php artisan make:controller PostController

Now, visit app/HTTP/Controller directory and open PostController.php file. And add the following code into it:

<?php
  
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
  
use App\Models\Post;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use Redirect;

use Cviebrock\EloquentSluggable\Services\SlugService;
  
class PostController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $data['post'] = Post::orderBy('id','desc')->paginate(10);
  
        return view('post.list',$data);
    }
   
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function create()
    {
        return view('post.create');
    }
  
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'title' => 'required',
            'description' => 'required',
        ]);

        $insert = [
            'slug' => SlugService::createSlug(Post::class, 'slug', $request->title),
            'title' => $request->title,
            'description' => $request->description,
        ];
  
        Post::insertGetId($insert);
   
        return Redirect::to('posts')
       ->with('success','Greate! posts created successfully.');
    }
   
    /**
     * Display the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Post $post
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function show(Request $request)
    {
        
    }
   
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Post $post
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {   

    }
  
    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \App\Post $post
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function update(Request $request, $id)
    {

    }
  
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Post  $post
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {

    }
    
}

Step 7 – Create the blade view

In this step, create dollowing blade view files:

  • List.blade.php
  • Create.blade.php

Visit /resources/views/ and create the list.blade.php and create.blade.php file.

List.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <title>Laravel 10 Generate Unique Slug For Post With Example - Tutsmake.com</title>
    <link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" id="bootstrap-css">
    <style>
    body{
    background-color: #25274d;
    }
    .container{
    background: #ff9b00;
    padding: 4%;
    border-top-left-radius: 0.5rem;
    border-bottom-left-radius: 0.5rem;
    }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">
      <a href="{{ route('posts.create') }}" class="btn btn-success mb-2">Add Post</a> <br>
      <div class="row">
            <div class="col-12">
             
              <table class="table table-bordered" id="laravel_unique_slug_table">
               <thead>
                  <tr>
                     <th>Id</th>
                     <th>Title</th>
                     <th>Slug</th>
                     <th>Description</th>
                  </tr>
               </thead>
               <tbody>
                  @foreach($posts as $post)
                  <tr>
                     <td>{{ $post->id }}</td>
                     <td>{{ $post->title }}</td>
                     <td>{{ $post->slug }}</td>
                     <td>{{ $post->description }}</td>
                  </tr>
                  @endforeach
               </tbody>
              </table>
              {!! $posts->links() !!}
           </div> 
      </div>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Create.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <title>Laravel 10 Create Post With Unique Slug- Tutsmake.com</title>
    <link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" id="bootstrap-css">
    <style>
    body{
    background-color: #25274d;
    }
    .container{
    background: #ff9b00;
    padding: 4%;
    border-top-left-radius: 0.5rem;
    border-bottom-left-radius: 0.5rem;
    }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">

      <form action="{{ route('posts.store') }}" method="POST" name="add_post">
        {{ csrf_field() }}

        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Title</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="title" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter Title">
                    <span class="text-danger">{{ $errors->first('title') }}</span>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Description</strong>
                    <textarea class="form-control" col="4" name="description" placeholder="Enter Description"></textarea>
                    <span class="text-danger">{{ $errors->first('description') }}</span>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-12">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
            </div>
        </div>

      </form>

    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Step 8 – Run Development Server

In this step, Execute the PHP artisan serve command on terminal to start development server:

php artisan serve

If you want to run the project diffrent port so use this below command

php artisan serve --port=8080

Now, open the browser and hit the following URL on it:

http://localhost:8000/posts

Conclusion

Laravel 10 generate slug before save tutorial, You have learned how to create a unique slug in Laravel 10 using the laravel eloquent sluggable package with example.

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